History of Vineyard
The cultivation of the Vineyard in the area of Megarida is mentioned by several ancient writers and historians (Hesiod, Pausanias, etc.) and was, as it is today, one of the three most important crops, along with grain and olive. Typically, the Egosthenitis Wine of Megarida is mentioned. Wine production has been one of Megarida's main products since antiquity to the present day. In the area of the Megara there were about 2,500-3,000 presses, most of which were abandoned after the 1981 earthquake in Alkyonides. An important discovery of the archaeological excavation is the viticulture of vineyards in Megara, which is the fifth known case in Greece.
The wine-growing production activity in Megara continues strongly during the Byzantine period. Wine transport containers (ceramics) were called "Megareon Keramia", thus keeping Megara involved in the continuous production and distribution of wine. This activity continued during the 13th-15th century, where there are plenty of references to the cultivation of vineyards in Megara's land, and continues during the period of Ottoman rule, where wine is mentioned (together with oil and cereals) as the main source tax for the Turks.
After the liberation from the Turks, the cultivation of the vine continued at an increasing rate until the commencement of the industrialization of the area of Elefsina, when the relative cultivation began to decrease. A feature of this development was the establishment of a large distillery and wine production plant in Megara in 1917 with severe exports up to 1955. (while there was another one with a founding year in 1906).
During this period of vine growing, Viticulture Cooperative Of Megara is founded (one of the first founded in Greece) and continues to operate successfully until today. Until the appearance of phylloxera in the wider area of Megara, vineyard cultivation exceeded 40,000 acres. After the rebellion, the cultivated areas of the Megara vineyard were limited to 8-12.000 acres with main varieties of traditional Savatiano - Roditis and Mavroudi but enriched with new plantations from Asyrtiko - Chardonnay - Malagouzia (white) and Syrah - Merlot - Agiorgitiko.